Chemistry and biology aren't just related but completely intertwined, as all biological processes are rooted in chemical processes. Biology cannot be completely understood without knowing basic chemistry.Continue Reading
The Oxford Dictionary defines "life" as having the capacity for growth, reproduction, functional activity and continuous change preceding death. None of these things can occur without chemical reactions. All of these traits require the metabolism and synthesis of outside materials and the consumption and release of chemically stored energy sources. Even seemingly physical processes, such as muscle movement, require the chemical release of energy, following processes mandated by an organism's DNA code. DNA is itself a coded strand of chemicals that implements its instructions by chemical processes.
Some scientific specializations focus on studying the chemical nature of biology. Biochemistry is a specific branch of biological study that focuses on the chemical underpinnings of life itself. Biochemists study which chemical reactions produce which effects, and they can determine which processes are unique to specific organisms and which ones are present across ranges of organisms. Chemical biology is a field of study that focuses on how various chemicals can affect biological processes as well as how various biologic chemical reactions have applications outside of biochemistry.Learn more about Organic Chemistry
SN2 reactions are organic chemistry reactions in which an ion called the nucleophile attacks the center of another molecule and replaces one of the ions, called the leaving group. These types of reactions are called nucleophilic substitution reactions, and there are two types, SN1 and SN2. SN1 reactions occur in two steps, but SN2 reactions occur in a single step.Full Answer >
Organic chemistry is often used as a pre-qualifying class for chemistry and pre-med students and is considered to be difficult, according to the New York Times. The obstacle comes from the non-mathematical nature of the field. While many students are able to memorize equations in other sciences, organic chemistry requires a thorough understanding of the subject.Full Answer >
Friedrich Wöhler is widely considered the father of organic chemistry. He was a German chemist who lived in the 1800s and is well-known for synthesizing urea in 1828.Full Answer >
An SN1 reaction is a nucleophilic substitution reaction in organic chemistry. It involves substituting one part of a compound with a nucleophile from another compound and occurs in two steps.Full Answer >