The chemical name for ClO4 is perchlorate. Perchlorate is an ion that contains four atoms of oxygen and one atom of chlorine, carrying a total charge of -1, as indicated by the chemical formula.
Common compounds that contain the ion perchorate include potassium perchlorate, sodium perchlorate, lithium perchlorate, perchloric acid and ammonium perchlorate. Its uses include the manufacture of pyrotechnics, rocket fuel and other munitions-related manufacturing. Perchlorate is toxic when found in drinking water, and the Environmental Protection Agency regulates it. Its medical uses of the chemical include the treatment of hyperthyroidism. It has a molar mass of 99.45 grams per mole.