The chemical name for C12H22O11 is sucrose, the main ingredient in table sugar. Sucrose is a compound that breaks down into one molecule of glucose and one molecule of fructose. These two-molecule sugars are called polysaccharides.
Digestion of Sucrose
The human body cannot process polysaccharides until they break down into their constituent components. Once the breakdown occurs, glucose and fructose digest separately in the small intestine. They are absorbed through the intestinal lining and transported to the liver. Glucose is the primary source of energy in the body and is quickly metabolized and circulated through the bloodstream, making it a fast source of energy. Fructose takes longer to metabolize. It is broken down in a process called fructolysis to create sugars resembling glucose. Once this process is complete, it also becomes an energy source.