Concentrated urine has a dark brownish appearance, whereas normal urine has a yellowish appearance. The brown discoloration of urine is as a result of health conditions, such as jaundice, gallstones, liver cancer, porphyrias, sickle cell anemia, heart disease, renal arterial stenosis, alcohol liver disease, pancreatic cancer, yellow fever and renal cell cancer.Continue Reading
Dehydration, heatstroke and heat exhaustion also cause the urine to turn brown. Medications such as antibiotics, antimalarial drugs, chemotherapy drugs and laxatives can also lead to the increased concentration of urine. The same occurs if you eat certain foods, such as berries, fava beans and beets.
Kidney disease or failure, bladder stones, bleeding disorders and bleeding into the urinary tract are all conditions that increase the concentration of urine.
Concentrated urine may accompany a variety of symptoms depending on the health condition or disease. These symptoms can be smelly urine, frequent urination, abdominal pain, fever, nausea, feeling thirsty and loss of strength. Concentrated urine also signifies an underlying life-threatening condition. If not remedied, this may result in severe complications, such as kidney failure, liver failure, anemia and the spread of cancer or infection.
To prevent the increased concentration of urine, most doctors recommend drinking plenty of water and fresh juices.Learn more about Human Anatomy
According to WebMD, high blood sugar levels cause excess glucose in the urine. High blood sugar levels are common in people with uncontrolled diabetes. When an individual's blood sugar level is high, it can spill into the urine. Glucose in the urine can also occur if the kidneys are suffering from damage or disease.Full Answer >
Ketones in urine are a sign of insulin deficiency or an indication that the body is using fat instead of carbohydrates as a source of energy. Ketones are chemicals formed when the body breaks down fat for energy, as WebMD explains.Full Answer >
Normal, healthy urine typically contains 95 percent water and 5 percent solutes. The solutes include elemental ions, such as potassium, calcium and chlorine. Solutes may also include urea, uric acid, creatine, hormones, fatty acids, carbohydrates and enzymes.Full Answer >
One fun fact about the excretory system is that the kidneys receive signals to produce less urine in an effort to preserve hydration when the temperature is hot or there isn't much drinking water available, according to Biology4Kids. When someone consumes too much water, hormones release to make urine production increase.Full Answer >