When someone is born with both male and female organs, the condition is called ambiguous genitalia, according to MedlinePlus. It has several different forms, and each one has a specific set of characteristics that sets it apart from the others.Continue Reading
According to the University of Rochester Medical Center, a person who has gonadal dysgenesis has underdeveloped gonads, meaning ovaries or testes, with internal reproductive organs that are usually female. The external genitalia in someone with this form of ambiguous genitalia tends to trend more on the female side, but it might be indistinguishable in some cases.
With pseudohermaphroditism, a person has questionable external sexual organs but the internal reproductive organs of only one sex. If a person has male gonads, the condition is termed as male pseudohermaphroditism. A person with female gonads is said to have female pseudohermaphroditism.
A person with true hermaphroditism has internal reproductive organs of both the male and female sexes. External sex organs of both sexes are also present, although these can be somewhat altered. For example, the penis might be small, but the clitoris is enlarged.
When these abnormalities are present, doctors will often use chromosome testing to determine the person's true sex. Exams and testing might be done on the external organs or internal organs to determine sex. In some cases, personal preference is the deciding factor as to what sex a person will live as.Learn more about Human Anatomy
The risks to a male who has hernia surgery include damage to organs and blood vessels, damage to the testicles, long-term pain and the return on the hernia, according to MedlinePlus. There are also general surgery risks, including bleeding, heart problems, breathing problems, infection and reactions to medications.Full Answer >
Men possess external genitalia (the penis, scrotum and testes) for the production and delivery of sperm, and women possess internal genitalia (the vagina, uterus and ovaries) for the production of eggs and the development of human embryos. Most physiological differences between men and women occur due to differences in the endocrine systems during critical periods of development, such as fetal growth and puberty.Full Answer >
The external female genitalia consist of fleshy folds resembling lips known as the labia, a small bump of tissue known as the clitoris, and the openings of the vagina and urethra, according to WebMD. All the parts of the external female genitalia are known collectively as the vulva. The remainder of the female reproductive system is internal to the body and cannot normally be seen.Full Answer >
According to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, studies have found that alcohol consumption during puberty can alter growth hormone levels in both male and female adolescents. Studies of chronic alcohol consumption in rats showed a reduction in limb growth development when given an alcohol diet during adolescence.Full Answer >