Is Butane Soluble in Water?


Quick Answer

Butane is virtually insoluble in water and has a solubility of 61 milligrams per liter at 20 degrees Celsius. However, the solubility of butane in water can be considerably increased by decreasing the temperature of the water.

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Full Answer

Butane, like other alkanes, is almost completely insoluble in water and other polar solvents. This is because butane is nonpolar; the hydrogen bonds that help water dissolve ionic compounds, such as salts, are unable to act on butane's nonpolar bonds.

In comparison, sodium chloride has a solubility of 359 grams per liter at 20 degrees Celsius, a solubility several thousand times greater than that of butane.

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