Biology, which is the study of life, is essential to human society because it gives an understanding of how life is formed and how it works, changes and responds to environmental influences. It influences human health, reproduction, quality of life, nutrition and almost every aspect of human’s everyday life.
Biology explains the very existence of any form of life, from the unicellular to the most sophisticated organisms of all – the human being. The different sub-disciplines of biology refer to human health, as they provide knowledge of human anatomy, study the physical and chemical processes involved and explore how it functions. Biology also studies the origin of diseases, such as the etiology of cancer, infections, functional problems, and it contrives treatments.
Biology affects the discovery and production of medicines. It is important for human reproduction because it explains the process and finds methods of resolving reproduction problems. Biology is essential for the development and enhancement of useful traits in the human species. It also selects new agricultural breeds and plants that improve the nutritional value of food. Biology also investigates the environmental factors that threaten human existence.
Biology can aid in the prevention or cure of diseases, and adds tools for managing the environment. It leads to knowledge that helps prolong life and improve its quality.