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What does "ATP" stand for in biology?

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Quick Answer

In biology, "ATP" stands for "adenosine triphosphate". ATP is a coenzyme that cells use for energy storage. ATP is present in every cell's cytoplasm and nucleus because it is necessary for essential life functions in plants and animals.

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What does "ATP" stand for in biology?
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Full Answer

In animals, ATP is a product of glycolysis in the mitochondria, while in plants, it generally comes from photophosphorylation during photosynthesis. When used, ATP converts to adenosine diphosphate, or ADP, a chemical that can then be recharged with energy to become ATP again. Because of this, an organism's supply of ATP + ADP is constant, although the relative balance of the two fluctuates according to the organism's energy level.

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