Several types of animals live in the Earth's cold polar regions, including polar bears, Arctic foxes, whales, Arctic wolves, brown bears, Pacific salmon, caribou, walruses, auks, penguins, Arctic owls, lemmings, Arctic hares, narwhals and killer whales. Due to a lack of vegetation, most animals in the polar regions are carnivores. Penguins feed on fish in cold Antarctic waters. Meanwhile, leopard seals and killer whales feed on penguins.Continue Reading
Close to the North Pole, lemmings and Arctic hares eat what little vegetation that grows from the ground; foxes, owls and wolves follow these smaller herbivores and eat them. The top of the Arctic food chain features polar bears and Arctic wolves. Fish-feeders of the Arctic include sea lions, seals, narwhals, walruses, killer whales and whales.
The South Pole contains different animals. Penguins live on the mainland and on islands surrounding the continent. These flightless birds eat fish, crabs, lobsters and mollusks in the surrounding waters. Leopard seals inhabit the islands, while killer whales swim near the coast to eat penguins. Whales follow food sources towards Antarctica when currents take fish, krill and plankton to these colder waters.
An international treaty prevents any individual country from claiming territory on Antarctica. The Arctic Circle covers territories of a few countries such as Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia, Canada and the United States.Learn more about Zoology
A selection of animals that live in the tundra include polar bears, arctic foxes, arctic hares, caribou, lemmings, snowy owls and musk oxen. Of all biome types, the tundra is the coldest, and its name comes from the Finnish word "tunturia," meaning "treeless plain."Full Answer >
Many animals have ivory teeth, HowStuffWorks explains, most notably elephants, hippopotamuses, walruses and narwhals. Even pigs, sperm whales and killer whales have ivory teeth, although these are not as famous as those of other animals.Full Answer >
Many animals live at the North Pole, commonly referred to as the Arctic region, including arctic foxes, arctic hares, Alaskan malamutes, polar bears, seals and beluga whales. Some animals live closer to the bottom of the Arctic region, like malamutes, while others live close to the physical North Pole like polar bears, seals and whales.Full Answer >
The tundra's primary consumers are herbivores such as musk oxen, lemmings, caribou and arctic hares that consume grass, moss and lichen. These animals provide food for the secondary consumers, which are predators like arctic foxes and polar bears.Full Answer >