Equatorial animals include mammals such as elephants and jaguars, amphibians and reptiles such as poison dart frogs and anacondas, and a wide variety of insects and birds. Due to habitat loss, several of these species are endangered as of 2014.Continue Reading
Many of the world's most important rainforests lie on or near the equator. Evolution occurs more quickly near the equator and equatorial regions boast some of the Earth's greatest species diversity. Rainforests are also home to may endangered animals, due mostly to habitat loss.
The African elephant is the world's largest land mammal and the forest subspecies of this huge mammal makes its home in equatorial forests of western and central Africa. Equally impressive is the jaguar, which makes its home in a diversity of habitats including the equatorial rainforests of South America.
Amphibians and reptiles abound in equatorial regions. Tiny, jewel-like poison dart frogs provide indigenous hunters with poison for darts and arrows. Native to Central and South America, the green anaconda is one the world's largest snakes. The golden toad was once found in 1.5 square miles of high altitude forest in Costa Rica; sadly, the last sighting of a golden toad was in 1989.
African grey parrots, king vultures and Andean condors are among the endangered bird species of equatorial regions.
Insect biodiversity in rainforests is staggering and includes leafcutter ants. Leafcutters are a model of sustainable agriculture; these ants harvest only small pieces of a great variety of plants, ensuring that no one plant builds up defenses against the ants.Learn more about Zoology
The kinds of animals that live in wetlands include a wide variety of birds, fish, frogs, reptiles and mammals. The specific species of animals that are found in wetlands are determined by the wetland's location. For example, some birds that live in the wetlands of New South Wales include grebes, pelicans, cormorants, crakes, rails, ibis, egrets, herons, shorebirds, ducks, geese and swans.Full Answer >
The Marine West Coast is known to have a variety of animals, including various bird species, sea creatures, reptiles and mammals. The green vegetative covering and availability of water in this type of climate makes it possible for wildlife to thrive.Full Answer >
A notochord can be found in the embryos of all chordates, the phylum which contains the subphyla of fish, mammals, reptiles, birds and amphibians. The notochord defines the primitive axis of the embryo, is a transient embryonic anatomy structure and is not usually found in adults.Full Answer >
Many of the rainforest's birds, reptiles, amphibians and mammals are endangered. These include familiar animals, such as the chimpanzees of Central Africa, and relatively unknown animals, such as the elephant frog of Australia.The tropical rainforests are home to more species than any other terrestrial habitats.Full Answer >