Alcohol can act as both an acid and a base, similar to water. Alcohols are slightly weaker acids than water but still react with strong bases such as sodium hydride and metals such as sodium. However, the oxygen atom makes alcohol a weaker base in the presence of strong acid-like sulfuric acid.Continue Reading
At the -OH group, alcohol can act as either a base or an acid, reacting either way with strong acids or bases. This reaction often results in the salt called alkoxide. Alcohol is an organic compound with a wide variety of uses worldwide. It has also been found in low densities in the star- and planetary-system-founding portions of space. Alcohol is most commonly known in its ethanol form, which is the most common form of alcoholic beverages. The word "alcohol" refers to the chemical class of all alcohols as a drug family.
Alcohols have a bitter smell. Compared to other alcohols, ethanol has a sweet smell. Alcohol can be used as a solvent thanks to its ability to create hydrogen bonds with other compounds. However, these bonds also result in a higher boiling point. Alcohol is used in medical, industrial and scientific fields as well as in alcoholic beverages.Learn more about Acids & Bases
When you mix an acid with an alkali, the compounds produce salt and water, as described by HyperPhysics, hosted by Georgia State University. Chemical reactions during which acid and base properties of compounds are neutralized are called neutralization reactions.Full Answer >
Sulfuric acid is neutralized by a strong base, such as sodium hydroxide or ammonium sulfate. According to Digital Analysis Corporation, other commonly used neutralizing bases, such as magnesium hydroxide and calcium hydroxide, neutralize strong acids like sulfuric acid as well.Full Answer >
Mixing a base with an acid results in a chemical reaction called neutralization. The result is a perfectly balanced solution of salt and water with a pH of 7 if the acid and base are balanced properly. Depending on the bases and acids used, it can be a dangerous experiment.Full Answer >
NH3, also known as ammonia, is a weak base. It is basic because the molecule reacts with water to form negatively charged ions of OH. Strong bases completely dissociate in reaction to water, but NH3 retains its original form.Full Answer >