Albert Einstein is famous for his contributions to science, particularly his general and special theories of relativity. He also won the Nobel Prize for discovering the law of the photoelectric effect.
Einstein is generally regarded as the greatest mind of the 1900s, with some claiming that Einstein's genius is unprecedented. Although his childhood performance in the German academic institutions he attended was rather poor, Einstein compensated by developing his natural proclivity for mathematics and science. He eventually completed his formal education in Zurich, Switzerland at the Federal Polytechnic Academy.
Einstein's Special Theory of Relativity identified that all laws of physics continue to work the same way and that the speed of light is the same in any frame of reference. This is where he specified the E=mc2 equation. The General Theory of Relativity added to this by specifying the effects of gravity or large masses. An offshoot of this work was the conceptualization and the production of the first model of a wormhole.
Though these theories were very important scientifically, Einstein did not win the Nobel Prize in Physics for them, but for discovering how the photoelectric effect worked. This discovery was a major leap forward for developments in electronics, particularly for radio and television. Einstein's work on light also led to the foundation of quantum theory.
Einstein's work in theoretical physics was key to the development of both nuclear energy and the atom bomb. His philosophical ideas also influenced the development of the League of Nations and later the United Nations. He has also gone on to become a popular and highly recognizable figure in pop culture.