What Is a Manmade Ecosystem?

A manmade ecosystem is an artificial biological system that is managed and sustained by people. The same components that interact in a natural ecosystem are also present in this simulated type of biological community. In the absence of human interference, a manmade ecosystem fails to thrive.

An ecosystem is a complex structure where the biodiversity that inhabits a particular place forms associations with their physical surroundings. The two primary components comprising an ecosystem are biotic, or living factors, and abiotic, or nonliving elements. Biotic factors include all the flora and fauna present in the ecosystem while abiotic factors include climate, sunlight, temperature, water supply, soil and all other nonliving parts that directly influence the biotic constituents.

An ecosystem can either be naturally formed or artificially created. Natural ecosystems are mainly categorized into two: terrestrial and aquatic. Forests and deserts are examples of terrestrial ecosystems while rivers and streams are aquatic ecosystems. Gardens, zoos and parks are terrestrial artificial ecosystems while dams, artificial lakes and aquaria are examples of manmade ecosystems.

The conditions of manmade ecosystems are regularly maintained through human supervision. Although it is often smaller and less complex than a natural ecosystem, forming simpler interrelationships between the various components, a manmade ecosystem requires careful planning and maintenance for it to flourish.