What Are the Abiotic and Biotic Factors of the Deciduous Forest?

The abiotic factors of the deciduous forest include rocks, soil, sunlight, temperature, precipitation and air, while white-tailed deer, oak trees, coyote, wildflowers and chipmunks are among the biotic factors of this ecosystem. These two groups often work together to sustain life in an ecosystem.

The abiotic factors of an ecosystem are the nonliving things that affect the reproduction and survival of living organisms. Living organisms interact with these abiotic factors in many ways. Oak trees need the right amount of sunlight to grow. If the soil is too acidic, some of the wildflowers in the forest might not survive.

Biotic factors are the living things in an ecosystem. They interact with each other as well as the nonliving things around them. Chipmunks and white-tailed deer eat plants, while coyotes prey on birds and other animals.