Jobs in the early half of the 1800s were drastically different from those in the latter half of the century. In the early years, people had skilled trades such as making clothing by hand or farming, while the later years saw a rise in machine operation and repair jobs.Continue Reading
The Industrial Revolution had a profound effect of the types of jobs that were common in the 1800s. At the dawn of the 19th century, people commonly held the same jobs they had held in centuries prior. Farming was a major occupation, with numerous people needed to plant seeds and harvest crops. Skilled trades were also very common at the time, as it was the only way for new goods to be created. Examples of these skilled trades include cobbling, watchmaking and repair, glass blowing, printing and carpentry.
As the century wore on, many new machines were invented that changed the entire manufacturing process. Factories that once held numerous skilled laborers became filled with machines that did the same work faster and cheaper. New jobs were created, as people were required to monitor and operate the machines as well as perform standard and emergency maintenance. Construction jobs also became prevalent, as new factories and homes were frequently built to keep pace with growing businesses.Learn more about Modern History
Apartheid was instituted as a widespread systematic effort to concretize racial segregation and white supremacy in South Africa during the 20th century. It was meant to ensure white control over both the economy as well as the social environment, including how the races could interact and what jobs were available to whom.Full Answer >
The terms Tory and Whig refer to the members of the first political parties formed in England in the 17th century after the dissolution of the Cavalier Court by Charles II. The Tories were more conservative and remained loyal to the monarchy of Charles II, whereas the Whigs were more liberal and open to reform.Full Answer >
Nelson Mandela was a South African philanthropist, anti-apartheid leader and politician throughout the mid and late 20th century. He served as the president of South Africa from 1994 to 1999 and is best known for helping to bring an end to apartheid and human rights atrocities in South Africa.Full Answer >
In 1992, Bill Clinton won the presidential election, and the worst U.S.riots of the 20th century resulted from the acquittal of Los Angeles police officers after the beating of Rodney King. In the same year, the United States intervened during the aftermath of the Somali Civil War, and South Florida suffered one of the most devastating hurricanes in history, Hurricane Andrew. These were the top four stories of 1992, according to a survey of top U.S. news executives.Full Answer >