Civilians were affected in World War I by an increased sense of patriotism and by a significant increase in women in the workforce, due to the shortage of available men to work in factories. This shortage of working men caused a shortage of munitions in 1915.
The first World War began in 1914 with the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and involved Germany, Austria-Hungary, Great Britain, Russia and the United States among others. During World War I, the civilian population of Great Britain was greatly affected through Zeppelin bombing raids and Gotha bombings in London. In Germany nearly 800,000 people died due to starvation or starvation-caused disease as a result of the British blockade. Furthermore, the Armenian genocide occurred during World War I, in which Armenian citizens were killed and deported by the Turks.
As a result of the ugly nature of the war and its global scope, citizens began seeking more radical solutions within politics. Bolshevism, Fascism and National Socialism developed in Europe, and citizens within the United States retreated to an isolationist mindset as a result of the war. World War I greatly impacted the status of nations around the globe, and nations such as France and Russia were demoralized through the spread of German propaganda.