Q:

What were the cause and effects of the Glorious Revolution?

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Quick Answer

Religious and political conflicts between Parliament and the monarch of England caused the Glorious Revolution. It resulted in increased powers for Parliament, more independence in the American colonies and the Protestant domination of Ireland. The Glorious Revolution, which occurred in 1688, set the stage for the evolution of constitutional monarchy in Great Britain.

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Seventeenth century England was an unstable place riven with religious conflicts between Catholics and Protestants. After the restoration of the monarchy in 1660, conflicts between the staunchly Protestant Parliament and the increasingly Catholic monarchs began to grow. King James II, who ascended the throne in 1685, exacerbated these tensions by allowing religious freedom, appointing Catholics to important positions in the military and suspending Parliament. He also married a young Catholic noblewoman, Mary of Modena, and had a child with her, ensuring that the throne would remain in Catholic hands at James's death instead of passing to his Protestant son-in-law, William of Orange. Parliament invited William and his wife to come over and rule jointly in exchange for some limits on royal prerogatives. This bloodless coup became known as the Glorious Revolution. From then, monarchs were not allowed to dispense with laws, keep a standing army, raise taxes without parliamentary consent or profess Catholicism. The new monarchs tightened their grip on Catholic Ireland but left the American colonies, which James II had tried to control, more or less alone, allowing them to develop a unique political culture.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What were the causes of the Glorious Revolution?

    A:

    The Glorious Revolution was a political coup that took place in Great Britain during the mid-17th century; the main cause of this conflict was growing Protestant concern over King James II's strict adherence to his Catholic faith. This conflict is also known as the Revolution of 1688, and it resulted in the solidification of Parliament's power over the monarch and the Catholic King James II being replaced by his daughter, the Protestant Queen Mary, and her husband King William III. Although this was a political conflict that resulted in the deposition of a ruling monarch, it was a relatively peaceful transition in military terms, resulting in little bloodshed.

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  • Q:

    How did the Glorious Revolution affect the colonies?

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    The Glorious Revolution affected the colonies by resulting in the dissolution of the Dominion of New England and caused a rebellion against the Catholic leaders of Maryland. Furthermore, the new regime in England began to treat the colonies with "salutary neglect." Instead of micromanaging colonial affairs, the crown and Parliament allowed the colonies to do more or less as they wished.

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  • Q:

    What was common in England after the agricultural revolution?

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    Industrial and urban growth were common in England following the agricultural revolution in the 18th century. The agricultural revolution in England made it possible for each individual farmer to grow more food. Subsequently, the amount of workers moving from agriculture to industrial work increased measurably.

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  • Q:

    Why did the Industrial Revolution begin in England?

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    The Industrial Revolution began in England because by the end of the 19th century, Britain was one of the most powerful countries in the world and had a head start in technology and commerce. Some of the factors that contributed to the start of the Industrial Revolution in England included population growth, financial innovations, the agricultural revolution, government policies and more.

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