Transportation changed how humans interacted and lived thanks to radical innovations such as the automobile, electric rail cars, airplanes and internal combustion engines, according to the Smithsonian. Suburbs grew, people moved across the world faster and humans became more mobile because of transportation technology.Continue Reading
By 1920, Americans owned eight million vehicles. In 1950, that number was nearly 50 million. In 2000, there were 220 million cars on American roads, more than the number of people 18 or older. In the last 100 years, cars became safer and roads turned from dirt to asphalt or concrete.
Vessels on the ocean got bigger and goods moved faster. Engines ran on steam and coal but then switched to diesel power. Hulls were made of steel instead of wood, which led to increases in ship size. The Panama Canal, finished in 1914, cut down shipping times between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.
Commercial airlines expanded rapidly in the 1960s when safety improved and jet engines became the norm. Millions of new passengers were added during this expansion of air travel. By 2000, two million people traveled by air on a daily basis in the United States. Until airplanes took over intercontinental travel in the 1950s, ocean-faring vessels dominated travel between countries.Learn more about Industrial Revolution
Steamboats revolutionized transportation in America by allowing easy travel upriver. Their greater speeds allowed more efficient transportation of perishable goods, and they allowed travel under conditions that would leave traditional ships becalmed. Steamboats proved extremely valuable during the Civil War, in which they helped the Union dominate the nation's waterways.Full Answer >
The Market Revolution, which took place in America from around the turn of the 19th Century to the mid-1800s, saw radical and sweeping changes take place within the United States economy and infrastructure, from slave trading and commercial agriculture to the development of cities and overhauls of transportation and communication systems. It was also a time of increased immigration, technological innovations and comprehensive changes to labor and corporate law.Full Answer >
The Industrial Revolution brought changes in the textile industry, communication, transportation and the overall quality of life. All of these changes helped move society from being more agrarian to being primarily industrial.Full Answer >
Cornelius Vanderbilt acquired his wealth through shrewd competition in the shipping industry when he owned several steamship lines, and then he owned many powerful railroads that helped make cross-country transportation cheaper and more efficient. At the time of his death in 1877, Vanderbilt was worth an estimated $100 million, a sum equal to $26 billion in September 2014.Full Answer >