There is no specific symbol associated with Prometheus, but he is most closely associated with fire. Prometheus was the immortal who gave mankind the gift of fire in direct opposition to Zeus' will.Continue Reading
In Greek mythology, Prometheus is one of the TItans, an earlier race of deities that ruled before being overthrown by the Olympian gods. The leader of the Olympians, Zeus, decided to withhold the gift of fire from humanity, but Prometheus hid the fire in a fennel-stalk and gave it to mankind. As punishment, Zeus had Prometheus chained to a rock, where every day his liver was eaten by an eagle. Every night, his liver regenerated, and being immortal, his torment was meant to be eternal. Heracles (better known as Hercules in Latin) found Prometheus, killed the eagle and freed him from his chains.
There are a number of other myths regarding Prometheus. One myth credits Prometheus with shaping the first humans out of clay, giving them their god-like shape. In another story, he tricks Zeus into accepting the bones and fat, rather than the meat, of a sacrificial animal. In all the stories, Prometheus is seen as a benefactor of humanity.
The theft of fire is a common trope in ancient mythology. Similar stories appear in Hebrew mythology, in the Hindu Vedas and in a large number of native American myths. It is reasonable to surmise that fire meant more to ancient people than just a useful tool. Fire also represented the divine spark of wisdom and creativity.Learn more about Ancient Greece
Ancient Greek coins are most commonly referred to as drachmas. Around the eighth century B.C., the majority of the ancient Greek city-states began to move away from a barter system to the use of silver coins called drachmas. Drachma means "a handful."Full Answer >
None of the original Greek masks have survived time to be studied, but records indicate that the masks were made from organic materials like stiffened linen, bark, wood or leaves. The masks that exist today are made of terracotta and were not worn by actors. The terracotta versions were put outside the theaters for decorations or were put on temples as offerings to the gods.Full Answer >
Ancient Greek theatre grew out of festivals honoring the gods and goddesses. Around 700 BC, at the same time ancient Athens rose to political and military power, it became the cultural center of the festival of Dionsysis, god of wine and religious ecstasies. Out of the Dionysia developed three dramatic genres: tragedy in the late 6th century BC, comedy in 486 BC and the satyr play.Full Answer >
Ancient Greek houses were usually small, with the rooms positioned along the sides of the house and a courtyard in the middle. This design helped the air to circulate and keep the temperature down during the hottest parts of the year.Full Answer >