During the first few years of the 1960s women were still viewed as homemakers and mothers. During this decade the role of women changed as they gradually gained the freedom to work outside the home and be respected as professionals.Continue Reading
In the early 1960s women were stereotyped as happy wives and mothers. The only jobs available to them outside the home were as teachers, secretaries and nurses. Society felt that a woman's goal was to get married, have children and be a skilled homemaker. Unmarried and assertive women were social outcasts.
Things began changing when the first birth control pill was introduced in 1960. Women now had the freedom to enter the workforce and delay having children. Unsatisfied homemakers identified with Betty Friedan's 1963 book "The Feminine Mystique," which challenged the traditional roles of women.
The 1963 President's Commission on the Status of Women outlined suggestions for how women could receive better pay, education, opportunities and support for working mothers. Soon after, the Civil Rights Act of 1964 ensured that people of all colors, races, national origins and religions could not be discriminated against in employment. Women became more socially aware and sought to join groups such as Women Strike for Peace and the National Organization for Women. By the end of the 1960s women's roles had changed dramatically as society began to better support non-traditional occupations for women.Learn more about US History
In the 1960s,surfing, collecting troll dolls, going to rock concerts and watching television were all activities many people did for fun. The rise of television as a dominant medium and youth culture as a shaping force influenced '60s culture in general.Full Answer >
One of the most publicized racially motivated incidents in the 1960s was the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom. This march was led by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and took place on August 28, 1963.Full Answer >
The gains of the civil rights movement of the 1960s were memorialized in two pieces of legislation. The Civil Rights Act was passed in 1964 outlawing institutionalized discrimination against African Americans, and the Voting Rights Act of 1965 enforced the right of African Americans to vote in the South.Full Answer >
Aside from providing care and comfort to her husband, Martha Washington’s role during the American Revolution involved raising funds to provide clothing and gear to the troops, and enlisting the support of women to volunteer. She also provided troops with food and clothing, and she helped to boost morale.Full Answer >