In Medieval Times, the Roman Catholic Church exercised significant social and political authority. Church worship was at the center of public life. As the only unified institution throughout Europe after the fall of the Roman Empire, the Church asserted its influence over the continent's monarchs and even had the power to remove them from the throne.Continue Reading
According to PBS.org, every member of society was expected to live by the Catholic faith. Christian doctrine influenced every aspect of life. The Catholic church asserted that it was the only path to salvation. Individuals who did not conform to the standards of the Church not only risked being ostracized, but were in danger of being labeled heretics and executed.
The Church was very influential in political affairs. Throughout the Middle Ages, clergy in many cases held real political power. The Church was sovereign over a number of territories in Italy known as the Papal States, which had their own armies. The Pope also exercised an important power called the papal deposing power, which was the authority to declare a monarch heretical and powerless to rule.
Despite the eminence of the Church, Medieval Europe was not a theocracy like the Muslim Middle East of the same time period. Church and state often vied for power. This contributed to the gradual weakening of Church influence.Learn more about Middle Ages
The roles of a king during Medieval Europe included land ownership, warfare leadership and lawmaker. A king allowed knights, barons and lords to live on his land, as long as they provided armies of men to fight wars. When kings fought neighboring kingdoms, he led his men into battle. Kings were supreme rulers of their lands, and they meted out justice as they saw fit.Full Answer >
Medieval scholasticism is both a school of philosophy and a method for learning developed between the 12th and 16th centuries A.D. Best understood for its attempts to reconcile classical philosophy, particularly that of Aristotle, with Christian theology, it grew to include epistemology, the philosophy of knowledge; philosophies of science and nature; psychology; and economic theory. Medieval scholasticism was taught in cathedrals and universities.Full Answer >
Elaborate furs, velvet hats, brocaded silk and other luxurious fabrics in rich colors such as purple and red are just a few of the trends that dominated royal garb of the Middle Ages. The Middle Ages span nearly a thousand years of history, and the prevailing clothing styles were as varied as they have been between the 11th century and now.Full Answer >
Medieval knights generally lived in the castles of noble families, serving under the lord or baron while providing military service and protection in exchange for lodging, weapons, armor, food, money and horses. The king could also grant knights, who were also called "vassals," their own fiefdom.Full Answer >