The main reason Connecticut was founded and settled was for its fertile land. The Connecticut River was the first area settled in the 1630s.
Thomas Hooker, a preacher from Massachusetts, led his congregation to the river in search of rich farmland. He did so with the permission of the Dutch who had laid claim to the lands. By the late 1630s, over 1,000 people had settled into the area, mainly in Hartford. Shortly after, villages were established in Windsor and Wethersfield. In 1639, leaders of the villages met in order to establish a government. They drafted the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut.