The Parthenon is located on the Acropolis in Athens, Greece. The Acropolis is home to several buildings and temples which have survived since the days of ancient Greece.Continue Reading
The Athenian Acropolis is a hill overlooking the city, and it once served as the religious and financial center of ancient Athens. Besides the Parthenon, some of the buildings that have survived to modern times are Athena Nike (an Ionic temple built during the Peloponnesian War), the Propylaea and the Erechtheion.
The ancient Greeks built the Parthenon after another temple, which archeologists today call the "Pre-Parthenon," was destroyed by Persians in 480 BC. The Greeks began construction on the current Parthenon in 447 BC. The Athenian empire was then at the height of its powers and dedicated the Parthenon to Athena, the patron goddess of Athens.
The Parthenon is a Doric temple with some elements of the Ionic architectural order. It was designed by two architects, Iktinos and Kallikrates, and was intended to be the focal point of the Acropolis. It is considered one of the most important ancient buildings to have survived into modern times, and is an enduring symbol of ancient Greek culture.
Originally, the Parthenon housed the gold and ivory statue of Athena. It also served as a treasury. In the 5th century AD it was turned into a Christian church, and in the 15th century the Ottomans turned it into a mosque. Many of the Parthenon's original sculptures were removed to the British Museum.Learn more about Ancient Greece
Pericles accomplished many things as the leader of Athens, such as building the Parthenon, leading the military, colonizing islands, increasing public funding for the arts and leading Athens in the Delian League. Pericles ruled Athens from 461 B.C. until his death in 429 B.C., according to the History Channel.Full Answer >
Sparta and Athens were both Greek city states that dominated ancient Greece during the fifth century BCE. Each city state had at least a partially elected government and a strong military, and both relied on the labor of slaves.Full Answer >
The life of Euclid is not well documented, but it is known that he lived in Athens, Greece for a time. He is also known to have taught in Alexandria, Egypt.Full Answer >
In calling Athens "the school of Hellas" in his funerary speech after the first battles of the Peloponnesian Wars, Pericles was saying that Athens was the school of all of Greece. Hellas means "Greek," and is how the people of Greece refer to their country.Full Answer >