The Treaty of Versailles created several new countries in Europe, most of them built around distinct ethnic identities such as Austria. Other new countries, such as Czechoslovakia, were carved from older empires and populated by two or more major ethnic groups.Continue Reading
Before World War I, Eastern Europe was dominated by the Austro-Hungarian, Russian and Ottoman Empires. With the treaties of Brest-Litovsk and Versailles, these lands were carved into the Baltic states of Finland, Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia. Russian and German territory was sacrificed to create Poland, and the medieval realms of the Sudentenland, Bohemia, Moravia and Ruthenia were united under a republican government in Prague, Czechoslovakia. Hungary and what would become Yugoslavia, which had enjoyed a measure of autonomy under Austrian rule, gained full independence under the treaties of St. Germain-en-Lay and Trianon. On the border between Yugoslavia, Austria and Italy, the city of Trieste became a self-governing entity.
Beyond Europe, many colonial empires gained territory from the dismantled German Empire. Some of these lost territories, such as Syria, were placed under the authority of the League of Nations and eventually won independence. Other colonies, such as Germany's African possessions, formed the nucleus of the future independent nations of Namibia, Tanzania, Uganda and Rwanda.Learn more about World War 1
After Europe was left shattered by World War I, peace was made concrete between Germany and the Allies with The Treaty of Versailles. A rather hefty document, the treaty featured approximately 440 articles over 15 sections and contained numerous annexes to satisfy the polarized opinions of those involved in its creation. Many wanted Germany completely destroyed, while others were more tempered and cautious about the effects of a violent response.Full Answer >
Germany felt that the Treaty of Versailles was unfair because it forced them to pay reparations to various countries, make territorial concessions and disarm. It also contained a War Guilt clause that required Germany to accept the blame for causing the damages and losses suffered during the war. The costs of reparation was 132 billion German marks, or roughly $31.4 billion.Full Answer >
Six new countries that formed as a direct result of WWI were Poland, Austria, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia and Estonia. The countries were formed after the breakup of the Ottoman Empire, the House of Habsburg and the German empire.Full Answer >
Signed on June 28, 1919, the Treaty of Versailles ended World War I. The document contained 15 parts and 440 articles, which established boundaries for the defeated nation Germany and outlined its reparations to the Allies. The treaty plunged Germany into an economic recession and humiliated its people, setting the stage for the rise of nationalism and the Nazi party.Full Answer >