Nelson Mandela was incarcerated for 27 years as a result of his efforts to bring racial harmony and equality to South Africa. He began his efforts as soon as he graduated from law school and founded the first black law firm in the country in 1952. As unrest spread in the 1950s and 1960s, Mandela found himself the target of law enforcement efforts, and after he secretly left South Africa to gain aid and training for the struggle, he was picked up and jailed until Feb. 11, 1990.Continue Reading
At first, Mandela's time in prison looked to be limited to five years as the charges of inciting a strike and leaving the country without permission only had shorter sentences. After a police raid on a hideout that the African National Congress used, he was tried for sabotage and faced the death penalty. After his conviction, he had to sit in prison rather than attend the funerals of his mother and oldest son.
By the time Mandela emerged from prison, having survived prostate surgery and tuberculosis, he witnessed a South Africa that permitted the African National Congress to exist, and he negotiated equal status for blacks in public life. He and South African President F.W. de Klerk shared the 1993 Nobel Peace Prize as a result. In May 1994, he completed his climb from prisoner to president.Learn more about Modern History
Nelson Mandela is best known as South Africa's first elected president as well as for winning the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993. Prior to this, he was actively involved in the anti-apartheid movement and was incarcerated by the South African government for 27 years.Full Answer >
Nelson Mandela, arguably one of the great leaders of the 20th century, served as president of South Africa, was a notable writer, accomplished lawyer and a civil rights activist. Mandela was born in Mveso, South Africa, on July 18, 1918. He spent his childhood in South Africa, then left to pursue an education in the United States before returning to his home country to assume the role of president in 1994.Full Answer >
As a native African living in South Africa under apartheid, the government system of imposed segregation in which non-native white residents of South Africa were treated as fundamentally superior to black natives, Nelson Mandela's initial cause was focused on bringing about the end of apartheid and systematic racial oppression in his home country. Apartheid came to an end in the 1990s, and in 1994, Mandela was elected as the first black chief executive of South Africa in the nation's first full, democratic election. When Mandela's presidential term ended in 1999, his focus shifted from issues within his own nation to general human rights issues across the globe.Full Answer >
Nelson Mandela, the former president of South Africa, was a Methodist Christian. He was raised and schooled in the religion but kept his religious beliefs private throughout his historic struggle and subsequent victory over the forces of apartheid in South Africa.Full Answer >