Michelangelo was a famous artist from the Renaissance period whose works include sculptures and paintings. His "David" and the "Pietà" are his two most famous sculptures. His paintings include the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel.Continue Reading
Cardinal Jean de Bilhères-Lagraulas commissioned Michelangelo for the "Pietà" when the sculptor was only 24. Originally situated at the cardinal's tomb, the sculpture of Mary grieving over the body of Jesus is now in St. Peter's Basilica in Vatican City. According to legend, Michelangelo carved his signature into the scarf across Mary's chest upon hearing pilgrims attribute the work to another sculptor. It is the only of his sculptures bearing his signature.
Returning to Florence in 1499, Michelangelo took over the commission to complete the sculpture of "David" from a 17-foot piece of marble. The statue is a prized possession of the city of Florence.
In 1505, the newly elected Pope Julius commissioned Michelangelo to create his tomb, which was to include 40 statues over a period of five years. However, the Pope had other projects that interrupted Michelangelo's work, including painting the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel. While Michelangelo did not consider himself primarily a painter, the ceiling remains one of the great art masterpieces of the Renaissance.Learn more about Renaissance & Reformation
The Renaissance was a period during which transformation, adoption and elaboration were viewed as desirable alternatives to the strict adherence to the traditional systems of the medieval period which preceded it. New concepts, such as banking and the coining of money that began near the end of the medieval feudal system, started to take hold and flourish in the new urban climate of the Renaissance city-states. The decline of the feudal system and its accompanying land-ownership economy led the way to a greater interest in money as an improved medium of exchange during the Renaissance.Full Answer >
The Renaissance period began in the latter part of the 14th century in Florence; many historians cite April 6, 1341, as the beginning of the Italian Renaissance. On that date, the writer and philosopher Francesco Petrarch, the father of humanism, was crowned Italy's Poet Laureate.Full Answer >
The Renaissance was a period in history that witnessed a cultural and intellectual revival in classical learning, particularly devoted to the study of Greek and Roman principles. The arts and literature flourished, major scientific discoveries came to light, and new territories were explored and conquered during this significant era.Full Answer >
The term "Renaissance" describes a period of art in which Europeans revived and rediscovered classical styles from ancient Greece and ancient Rome. The "proto-Renaissance" period began in 1280 in Italy when artisans sought to make great achievements, such as those from Roman times 700 years earlier. The Renaissance period lasted until the late 1500s when the "Mannerist" style of art became favored more than the naturalism of the High Renaissance.Full Answer >