There were approximately 25,000 people who died during the American Revolutionary War. The war began with the Battle of Lexington and Concord, on April 19, 1775, and lasted until the signing of the Treaty of Paris on September 3, 1783. The war was between Great Britain and the 13 American colonies, with France joining on the side of the colonists in 1778.
The American Revolution was the culmination of growing tensions between the colonists and their British rulers. The British government attempted to increases taxes in the colonies, with the Stamp Act (1765), Townshend Tariffs (1767) and Te Act (1773). Colonists did not approve of increased taxation without their representation in government and demanded equal rights with British residents. Violence occurred, in 1770, with the British killing five men during the Boston Massacre. In 1773, Bostonians dumped 342 tea chests into the Boston Harbor to protest the Tea Act. The Continental Congress would meet, in 1774 and 1775, to discuss independence; however, the Battle of Lexington and Concord started the war, before a decision was made.
During the next eight years the British and colonists fought a war that covered all 13 colonies. Major battles occurred in Saratoga, Fort Ticonderoga, Valley Forge and Yorktown. On October 19, 1781, Charles O'Hara, the deputy to the British general, surrendered to General George Washington. This marked the end of fighting, but British troops remained stationed in areas such as Charleston. The removal of the troops began, in 1782. On September 3, 1783, the Treaty of Paris was signed, marking the official end of the war and recognition by the British of American independence.