While it is impossible to know the exact number of deaths due to poor record keeping, it is estimated that 69 people either died, discharged, or deserted during the First Fleet's voyage from Portsmouth to Sydney Cove. Of these, only 29 are thought to be convict deaths.Know More
Prior to the Revolutionary War, Great Britain often sent convicts to the Thirteen Colonies. After the war, America stopped accepting convicts. On December 6, 1785 provisions were made to establish a penal colony in Australia to which British convicts would be shipped. The First Fleet set sail in 1787, arriving in Australia's Botany Bay in January 1788.
An estimated 1,420 passengers are thought to have made the voyage, comprised of convicts and their families, as well as naval officers, British officials and crew members.Learn more about Exploration & Imperialism
Juan Ponce de Leon sailed for Spain, starting his career as part of Christopher Columbus' second voyage to the New World. Later, the Spanish crown sent Ponce de Leon to govern the eastern half of Hispaniola and then to further explore the newly discovered Americas.Full Answer >
Spanish explorer Vasco Nunez de Balboa set sail for South America on a trans-oceanic voyage, establishing the first settlement in modern-day Panama and claiming the western coast of South America for Spain before meeting his death, via execution, in 1519. Balboa was born in 1475 to humble beginnings. He came from the city of Jerez de los Caballeros, born to a father with noble blood but far less affluent than his noble peers.Full Answer >
Magellan is credited with the first circumnavigation of the globe, although he died before the voyage was completed. En route, Magellan discovered what is now called the Strait of Magellan. He became the first European to cross the Pacific Ocean and named South America's Tierra del Fuego. Magellan originally set sail from Spain in 1519, in an attempt to find a western sea route to the Spice Islands of Indonesia.Full Answer >
During his voyage on the HMS Beagle, Charles Darwin traveled to the Canary Islands, South America, the Galapagos Islands, Tahiti, New Zealand, Australia and the Southern tip of Africa. According to About.com, this journey took nearly five years and circumnavigated the globe.Full Answer >