Henry VIII of England had three siblings. His older brother Arthur died young, making Henry the heir to the British throne. His two sisters Mary and Margaret Tudor were married to the kings of France and Scotland, respectively.Continue Reading
Henry VIII married Arthur's fiancée Catherine and fathered the future Queen Mary. Mary Tudor's marriage produced Mary, Queen of Scots. Margaret was the grandmother of Lady Jane Grey, another claimant to the British throne. When Henry VIII died, he was first succeeded by his only son, Edward and, when Edward died young, by Catherine's daughter Mary.
Of his children, Henry's daughter Elizabeth had the weakest claim to the throne, as she was considered illegitimate by the Catholic church. For this reason, her cousins Mary, Queen of Scots and Jane Grey seriously endangered her throne. In the end, she displayed her father's ruthlessness and executed both of them.Learn more about Modern Europe
Henry Tudor was born at the royal residence of Greenwich Palace, in Greenwich, London, England. Henry spent time at several royal homes in London including the Tower of London, the Palace of Westminster and Baynard's Castle.Full Answer >
Henry VIII was important because of the role he played in the Reformation when he separated the Church of England from the Roman Catholic Church that refused his petition for divorce. The move to separate the English church from Rome resulted in the king's excommunication from the church, but Henry still held to core Catholic beliefs and theology despite the separation. Henry was named the Supreme Head of the Church of England, giving him the final say in anything related to the church.Full Answer >
Henry VIII became King of England on April 21, 1509. His coronation took place on June 24, 1509, and he reigned until his death on Jan. 28, 1547.Full Answer >
Two of the many changes that Henry VIII made to the Church during his reign were the rejection of papal authority through the Act of Supremacy, which made him the head of the Church in England, and the Dissolution of the Monasteries, which took land away from the Catholic Church in England and redistributed it to the king's supporters. Although Henry adhered to the beliefs of the Catholic Church, he did not recognize the authority of the pope in Rome, and he later persecuted Catholics.Full Answer >