The Roman Empire began with the crowning of Gaius Octavian Thurinus in 31 B.C. and fell to the German Goths in A.D. 476, for a total of 507 years. The Byzantine Empire, Rome's eastern half, did not fall until the Ottoman Turks conquered Constantinople in 1453.Continue Reading
Rome itself lasted over 1,200 years, first as a kingdom during the eighth century B.C. In 507 B.C., King Lucius Tarquinius Superbus was overthrown by a citizens' revolt, and the Roman nobility declared the growing nation to be a republic governed by a senate and two or three consuls.
Caesar was one of the last three consuls. When the consul Crassus died, Pompey, the consul in Rome, declared himself sole ruler. Caesar rebelled and defeated him, claiming sole Roman leadership for himself in 32 B.C. The consul system was irretrievably broken, and Rome became an empire.Learn more about Ancient Rome
Roman gladiators fought bare-chested, but they wore canvas loincloths to preserve their modesty. They were allowed to wear sandals, but many chose not to. Gladiators also wore protective armor over their arms and legs. Outside of the coliseum, gladiators wore simple wool tunics, but on special occasions, they wore more expensive clothes; however, they were restricted to tunics and cloaks.Full Answer >
Augustus Caesar, also known as Gaius Octavius, was the first Roman emperor, and ruled the Roman Empire between 31 B.C. and his death in A.D. 14. Some historians date his reign beginning in 27 B.C., when he dispensed with republican titles and accepted the title "Augustus."Full Answer >
The main purpose of the Coliseum was to provide a grand amphitheater where the people of Rome could go for various forms of public entertainment, including gladiatorial combats and fights between wild animals. It was a gift from Emperor Vespasian to the Roman people. The building of the Roman Coliseum took nearly 10 years, and it was opened officially in 80 A.D. by Vespasian's son Titus.Full Answer >
The exact phrase was "veni, vidi, vici," which translates as "I came, I saw, I conquered," and was given in a message from Julius Caesar to the Roman Senate. It was apparently written in 46 B.C. in the city of Zela, which was located in the area now known as Tokat Province, in Turkey.Full Answer >