Julius Caesar was known for his highly intelligent strategies, controversial methods and staunchly brusque actions as a military leader and politician of the Roman Empire. He rose to become the dictator of Rome, and was eventually assassinated by political rivals.Continue Reading
Julius Caesar was born into an aristocratic family during a chaotic period in Roman history in which nobility by birth was not automatically viewed as a basis for authority. Military dictatorship was becoming the most popular and followed form of government, and Julius Caesar seized this opportunity to successfully begin a military and political career. After a successful campaign, he was named governor of Farther Spain, and a year after returning to Rome became the consul.
Being elected consul allowed Caesar to access political connections necessary to furthering his career. He created the first triumvirate by making a deal with two key Roman leaders named Pompey the Great and Crassus. While the triumvirate remained intact, they held a vast amount of power over Rome. After Julius Caesar led a lengthy and successful campaign in the country of Gaul, he returned to Rome and declared civil war against Pompey the Great, who had broken their deal after the death of Crassus. He defeated Pompey's military forces due to brilliant tactical decisions in several key battles. He continued his political career after dealing with Pompey, and reached the highest form of power possible as dictator of Rome before being assassinated in 44 B.C.Learn more about Ancient Rome
Julius Caesar was stabbed 23 times by his assassins. The Roman historians Plutarch and Suetonius both attest to this number of stab wounds. However, the historian Eutropius asserts that 60 or more senators and knights conspired against Caesar.Full Answer >
In William Shakespeare's play, "Julius Caesar," Decius convinces Caesar that he should go to the Senate by telling him that he will receive a crown. This appeals to Caesar's vanity and he agrees to go. The discussion between Decius and Caesar occurs in Act 2, Scene 2.Full Answer >
The plot to assassinate Julius Caesar involved up to 60 men, and the conspiracy was led by Cassius Longinus and Marcus Brutus, Caesar's brother-in-law. Caesar was attacked and stabbed to death on March 15, 44 B.C. as he walked into a meeting of his senate.Full Answer >
Julius Caesar was a Roman statesman, writer and general who lived between 100 and 44 B.C. Caesar's victory during the Gallic Wars increased his power to the extent that he was able to take control of the Roman Republic and become dictator.Full Answer >