Anton van Leeuwenhoek invented the simple microscope in 1674, according to About.com. The simple microscope had one lens, which van Leeuwenhoek used to examine insects and other small objects.Continue Reading
Anton van Leeuwenhoek's simple microscope did not look much like modern microscopes. Each microscope had two metal plates, which were riveted together. The microscope lens was located between these plates.
The magnifying capability of each microscope depended on the quality of the lens inside the instrument. According to researchers from the Museum of Microscopy, some scientists suspect van Leeuwenhoek experimented with lenses made from blown glass. Microscopes made with these lenses had superior magnification capabilities when compared with other microscopes from the same period.Learn more about Inventions
Around 1838, Matthias Schleiden discovered that all plant tissues he examined with a microscope were composed of cells. He was the first to make a general statement about them, declaring that all parts of plants were composed of cells. Further, he said that plant embryos grew from single cells. He was also an early evolutionist, hypothesizing about the possibility of large-scale evolution over time in plants.Full Answer >
Anton Van Leeuwenhoek was not the inventor of the compound microscope. The microscope was invented by Robert Hooke of England and Jan Swammerdam of the Netherlands in 1595, almost 40 years before Leeuwenhoek was even born. However, Leeuwenhoek improved on the quality of the lens used in his microscopes.Full Answer >
Although there is no single inventor of the microscope, in 1595, Zacharias Janssen and his father, Hans, invented the first compound microscope. Both glasses makers, their invention proved that a series of lenses inside a tube creates an enlarged image.Full Answer >
In the 17th century, the English physicist Robert Hooke discovered plant cells while examining cork under a microscope. He was the first to refer to the units as cells because their boxy appearance reminded him of monastery cells.Full Answer >