The scientific method was developed and refined by several key figures in the scientific field. These notable scientists include Roger Bacon, Galileo Galilei, Francis Bacon and Rene Descartes.
The scientific method is a systematic procedure of deriving reliable information based on a combination of inductive and deductive reasoning, which is strengthened by experimental observation. Historians trace the origins of the scientific method back to the ancient Greeks, Spaniards and Arabs, particularly the Muslims.
Roger Bacon published his theory on the scientific method in his work "Scientia Experimentals," and Galileo is widely considered as the "Father of the Scientific Method." Francis Bacon became famous for his "Novum Organum," while the "Discourse on Method" contained Descartes' concepts regarding the scientific method.