Many historians credit ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle with inventing science. The history of science includes a number of other notable people who advanced it, most notably by introducing and refining the scientific method.Continue Reading
Aristotle described nature and the way it worked unlike any before him. He was the first to use observations to describe the world around him, which is the foundation of empirical science. However, whether he invented science is debatable to some extent as he did not use the scientific method.
Many know Roger Bacon as the originator of the scientific method, which emphasizes observation and experiments to confirm hypotheses and the use of measurable empirical data. However, many historians now credit Muslim scholar Ibn al-Haytham for developing the same ideas 250 years before Bacon did. Born in what is now Iraq, al-Haytham outlined the process of stating a problem, coming up with a hypothesis about it, then setting up a rigorous series of experiments to test this hypothesis.
Roger Bacon, however, can be credited with introducing inductive reasoning to the scientific method. Inductive reasoning makes broad generalizations from observations, and these generalizations are known to be probably, if not certainly, true. Francis Bacon further refined the scientific method during the Enlightenment Era. His contributions are most notable in the concepts of cause and effect.Learn more about Inventions
Plato, born around 428 B.C. in Athens, Greece, was an ancient Greek philosopher, a student of Socrates and a teacher of Aristotle who founded one of the first institutes of higher learning. He wrote on a variety of subjects, including justice, equality, politics, theology and cosmology.Full Answer >
The Greek philosopher Thales is said to be the first observer of the effects of static electricity based on the accounts of another Greek philosopher, Aristotle. Although historians assert that there is a lack of sufficient evidence to support Aristotle's claim, it demonstrated that ancient Greeks already had a basic understanding of electrical properties.Full Answer >
Greek philosopher Aristotle created two classification systems to group living organisms based on several factors, including physical characteristics and perceived mental capacities. Aristotle organized living organisms physically on the basis of movement as well, which included walking, flying and swimming and in intellectual hierarchy through the Great Chain of Being, also called scala naturae. Aristotle introduced his systems of scientific classification in the 1600s, which classified organisms until the 1800s.Full Answer >
The Greek philosopher Aristotle, who lived from 384 to 322 B.C., said, "Man is by nature a political animal." These words are part of his "A Treatise on Government."Full Answer >