Early humans, or Homo sapiens, are anatomically the same species as modern humans. They came into existence around 200,000 years ago in Africa. Early humans originated from the coastal areas of central East Africa.
Early humankind consisted of hunter-gatherer groups that could move about with relative ease. Ancient Homo sapiens were different from other members of the "Homo" genus, such as Homo erectus and the Neanderthals, with their larger foreheads pushed forwards to make room for a bigger brain, and their lighter, less powerful skeletal structure. All Homo sapiens evolved from the same woman, who is referred to as "Mitochondrial Eve." All modern humans receive their mitochondrial DNA from her. It can be traced back matrilinearly, from one's mother to her mother to her mother and so on, all the way to Eve.