In 1949, the Berlin Blockade came to an end, an earthquake in Ecuador killed 6,000 people and NATO was established. In addition, the Soviet Union tested its first atomic bomb in 1949.
One of the most significant events to take place in 1949 was the end of the Berlin Blockade. At the end of the World War II, the Allied forces divided Germany. Each area of Germany was controlled by either the United States, France, Great Britain or the Soviet Union. In 1948, the United States wanted to reunite the country, but the Soviet Union resisted the efforts by creating a blockade of West Berlin. The Blockade finally came to an end in 1949 because the Soviets found it was not successful since the Allies were airlifting food and other supplies into the area.
Other world events in 1949 took place on a much smaller scale. The inventions of the first Polaroid camera and the color television occurred that year. The Volkswagen Beetle debuted in 1949, and the Emmy Awards were presented for the first time. The NBA was founded and apartheid was named the official policy in South Africa. Finally, the Communist People's republic of China was founded in 1949 by Mao Tse Tung.