The Protestant Reformation impacted religious thought, philosophy, politics and economics throughout the world. The effects of the Reformation can still be felt in modern times.Continue Reading
The Reformation’s most direct impact was upon religious and philosophical thought. It came about largely through dissatisfaction with the Catholic Church, which was a preeminent authority in Europe in the 1500s, when the Reformation began. As a result, the Church was fractured, giving rise to the multitude of Christian denominations that are seen in modern times.
Reformation leaders like Martin Luther declared authority should be derived from the Bible, not the Pope or the Church, giving rise to Protestant systems of belief. Religions like Lutheranism are a direct result of the Reformation.
The movement had economic impact as well. John Calvin, another Reformation leader, taught a doctrine of predestination and hard work. He taught that financial success was a sign one was destined to salvation in the afterlife, and that merchants who succeeded in business did so because God looked upon them favorably. This gave rise to what is known as the “Protestant work ethic,” which led to the economic system of capitalism.
The Reformation inspired a mood of anti-authoritarianism, which led to backlash against the feudal system and, by extension, to the democratic movement around the world. In the centuries following the Reformation, movements like women’s suffrage and the abolition of slavery traced their roots back to Reformation-era principles.Learn more about Renaissance & Reformation
The primary difference between the Reformation and the Renaissance was that the Reformation focused on a religious revolution, while the Renaissance focused on an intellectual revolution. The Reformation came about in order to correct what many felt were the "faults" of the Catholic Church, leading to Protestant churches such as the Lutheran churches and Baptist churches. The Renaissance came about as a rebirth of classic civilization, leading to breakthroughs in artistic, scientific, political and philosophical thought.Full Answer >
The Counter-Reformation movement began as a result of strong opposition to the Roman Catholic Church by Martin Luther and the defiance of the Princes of Germany. Prior to the start of the movement, the Catholic Church had come under sharp criticism spearheaded by Martin Luther, who was himself once a Catholic monk.Full Answer >
Some results of the Protestant Reformation include, the development of national churches, the development of the Catholic Counter-Reformation and the division of the single Western religion into two separate religions. The Reformation began in the 16th century.Full Answer >
A major result of the Reformation was the creation of the Protestant movement. Protestants were Christians who disagreed with Roman Catholic doctrines and split off to form different churches, according to the History Channel. This split caused international wars, internal religious repression and the Catholic Counter-Reformation.Full Answer >