The Sphinx is important because it is one of the earliest and largest ancient Egyptian carvings. It is also famous because no one knows exactly when it was carved. There is no concrete information about why it was carved or its significance.Continue Reading
The Sphinx has a mysterious past, but its size and age make it an important part of the Egyptian landscape. The Sphinx is on the Giza Plateau and appears to guard the great pyramids. The statue was carved from the stone in the place it currently rests rather than transported like many other Egyptian monuments, and it is 241 feet long and 65 feet tall.
It is generally accepted that the Sphinx was built around the time of Pharaoh Khafre, which was around 2500 B.C. Because the Sphinx has the head of a man that is wearing the royal headdress, it is possible that it was carved in his likeness.
There is also a tablet between the front legs of the Sphinx that tells of a dream Thutmose IV had of the Sphinx tells him he will be king in around 1400 B.C. In front of the tablet is an alter added during the reign of Rameses II in the 1200s B.C. This shows how important the Sphinx has been throughout ancient Egyptian history.Learn more about Ancient Egypt
Archaeological evidence suggests that the Sphinx was built under the rule of the pharaoh Khafre, who reigned between 2520 and 2494 B.C. However, some archaeologists and Egyptologists hold other views, since unlike temples and pyramids, the Sphinx could not hold statues or the name of the pharaoh responsible for it.Full Answer >
The riddle the Sphinx spoke to Oedipus was, "What has one voice and is four-footed, two-footed and three-footed?" When Oedipus gave the correct answer, "man," the Sphinx threw herself off a cliff and died.Full Answer >
The purpose of the Great Sphinx is not known by scholars, though it is thought that it was built as a divine image of the King at that time. It is also thought that this is what the many builders of the Great Sphinx thought when they were building it, although the evidence is not conclusive.Full Answer >
There is inconclusive evidence as to when the Great Sphinx of Giza was carved and how long it took. The most commonly accepted theory is that it was carved in place around 2500 B.C.E, during or after the reign of the Old Kingdom pharaoh Khafra (also known as Khephren).Full Answer >