The Great Pyramid of Giza was built to serve as the burial location for the Pharaoh Khufu. This pyramid is one of the three fourth-dynasty pyramids built in the Giza region and is the largest, with a height of approximately 147 meters and sides measuring 216 meters each.Continue Reading
The orientation of the Great Pyramid of Giza is nearly perfectly north by design. Its construction required approximately 2.3 million stone blocks, with each weighing between 2.5 to 15 tons. As of 2014, researchers suggest that to complete the pyramid, the workers needed to place a stone block every 150 seconds.
The interior of the pyramid features three different burial chambers, one of which is built into the bedrock underneath the pyramid. The second chamber is located above ground level and was incorrectly identified as a queen's burial chamber by early researchers and explorers. The third burial chamber was prepared exclusively to house Khufu's sarcophagus and is located near the exact center of the pyramid.
The Pharaoh's chamber was only accessible through the Grand Gallery, which had a height of 26 feet. The pyramid's design incorporated a series of sliding granite blocking systems that was meant to prevent thieves from reaching the central chamber.Learn more about Ancient Egypt
The Great Pyramid was built 4,500 years ago, yet experts estimate that it would cost close to $5 billion to replicate today. By comparison, it cost nearly $4 billion to build World Trade One, which is the most expensive building in the world.Full Answer >
Inside the Pyramids, ancient Egyptians built a series of burial chambers, ventilation shafts and passageways. The Pharaoh's sarcophagus was placed in the king's burial chamber. The ancient Egyptians believed that a part of the Pharaoh's spirit remained with his body after death and so they buried with him anything that he might need in the afterlife including gold, favorite objects and pottery.Full Answer >
The Ancient Egyptian pharaoh Khufu is best known for ordering the construction of the Great Pyramid at Giza. Khufu, who ruled as the second pharaoh of the 4th Dynasty during the 26th century B.C., is believed to have been the son of the pharaoh Sneferu, who commissioned the building of the first true pyramid, the North Pyramid at Dahshur. The Great Pyramid at Giza is the largest one built, and it is taller than a 40-story building.Full Answer >
King Khufu, called Cheops by the Greeks, is most famous in Egyptian history for building the Great Pyramid at Giza, one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. Khufu was the second pharaoh of the Fourth Dynasty of Ancient Egypt, and ruled in the Old Kingdom period, around the 26th century B.C. He was the son of King Sneferu and Queen Hetepheres I. Historians believe he had three wives, but little documentation remains of most aspects of his reign.Full Answer >