Factory life during the Industrial Revolution was exhausting, unsanitary and dangerous. Factories were damp, noisy, poorly ventilated and badly lit. Workers often had to labor for 12 to 14 hours a day with very few breaks.Continue Reading
Since work in factories required dexterity rather than brute strength, factory owners hired women as well as men and also children as young as 6 years old. Owners often sent children between and below pieces of heavy machinery, and many children were mangled and killed. Children were paid only a tiny percentage of an adult salary, and some children, such as orphans, received no pay. Children were also verbally abused and beaten. Schools were out of the question for kids who worked in factories. Women were also treated horrendously, and they earned less than men and were sometimes sexually assaulted. Men, women and children had no job security, as they could be easily replaced.
Because industrialized areas could not keep up with the housing demands of the ever-increasing populace flocking from the countryside to the cities searching for work, tenements sprang up near factories. These were filthy, overcrowded hovels with no sanitation or heating. When factory workers finally returned home after their overlong shifts, their squalid living quarters gave them no respite from the wretched factory conditions.Learn more about Industrial Revolution
Coal was important to the Industrial Revolution because it burned hotter than wood charcoal. The additional heat was needed in the boilers that ran the steam engines developed during the Industrial Revolution, according to the United States Department of Energy. The same source notes that coal became the dominant global supplier of energy during this time.Full Answer >
The Industrial Revolution began in Britain in the late 1700s. Britain's abundance of coal and iron is one of the main factors in the country becoming the birthplace of the Industrial Revolution.Full Answer >
The Industrial Revolution involved rural, lower working class of both Europe and United States of America. The movement was initiated with the invention of machines, allowing for the manufacturing of goods in large quantities never seen before.Full Answer >
The Industrial Revolution occurred in the 18th and 19th centuries across Europe and America. It was precipitated when the use of engine-powered machines and other industrial features began to transform mostly rural and agrarian areas into densely populated urban centers. One major shift that took place was that manufacturing of things, such as tools, furniture and bullets, moved from primarily home-based processes to centralized industrial production.Full Answer >