The economy of ancient Mesopotamia mainly depended on agriculture and trade. Mesopotamia is regarded as the cradle of civilization because it saw the beginning of human settlement in an organized society.Continue Reading
One of the main economic activities of ancient Mesopotamia was agriculture, which largely relied on irrigation for success. Farmers around the region channeled water from the rivers Tigris and Euphrates to their lands because the natural geographic conditions were not suitable for agriculture. Some of the crops that were cultivated include onions, apples, barley, turnip and grapes. The use of dams and aqueducts were the main forms of water control techniques in the region. To farther supplement agriculture in the region, the people came up with techniques for fishing.
Another important aspect of the Mesopotamian economy was trade with neighboring communities. This was necessitated by the fact that natural resources were not plentiful in the region. Assyrian merchants would make their way into Mesopotamia with caravans of Donkeys that bore items such as tin and textile. Mesopotamians traded items such as grains, cooking oil, pottery, jewelry and baskets. They acquired gold from Egyptian traders while pearls and ivory was obtained from Indian merchants. The waterways that went through Mesopotamia made it an ideal place for traders to converge.Learn more about Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia became a center of trade early in human history because its farmers mastered irrigation early, providing more crops than they needed to support the population. This allowed Mesopotamia to trade the surplus with neighbors. Its position between Europe and Asia also made it a prime trading hub.Full Answer >
Bronze Age Mesopotamia was located in the southwest part of Asia in what is now Iraq, Kuwait, Iran and Syria. Mesopotamia means “between two rivers,” referring to its location between the Euphrates and Tigris rivers.Full Answer >
The primary jobs in the ancient civilization of Mesopotamia were based on the agrarian nature of the society. Most Mesopotamian citizens raised and tended crops or livestock. There were also other jobs available, such as weavers, artisans, healers, teachers, and priests or priestesses.Full Answer >
Several factors played a part in the development of early civilizations in Mesopotamia, but the most important factor was its location. Mesopotamia is situated between two very fertile rivers, which allowed agriculture to expand for the first time in human history.Full Answer >