The War of 1812 inspired American nationalism for many reasons, one of which being that it was the first war that the country fought as an independent nation against a foreign enemy. In this case, the enemy was Great Britain, its North American colonies in what is now Canada and many Native American nations.Continue Reading
Increased nationalism was a likely result of the war, as Americans in 1812 were not far removed from the Revolutionary War, which was also fought against Great Britain. As a recurring enemy, Americans were filled with national pride at the thought of a second war of independence. Americans cheered the victory of each battle as if they were cheering for the victory of the entire war, promoting a feeling of national unity and support for the military. But, it was the recovery from the largely unsuccessful war that inspired a string of nationalistic events.
After receiving smoke damage from the British invasion of Washington, D.C., the White House was washed and repainted a sparkling white. This signified a renewal of the nation, rising from the ashes of another devastating domestically fought war. Francis Scott Key was inspired by the battle at Fort Henry to write "The Star-Spangled Banner," which became the national anthem soon after the war. The aftermath of the battle led to many improvements in roads and city structure, as Americans overwhelmingly voted to increase spending for improvement projects.Learn more about US History
The American Civil War was primarily fought over differences of opinion about the right of the federal government to determine whether slavery was legal in individual states; the hostile action that started the actual war was the Confederate attack on Fort Sumter in South Carolina, which occurred on April 12, 1861. The secession of seven Southern states after the inauguration of Abraham Lincoln as president triggered the war.Full Answer >
The Federalists opposed the War of 1812 because the policies of the opposing party that declared war, headed by Thomas Jefferson and later headed by James Madison, brought the Federalist stronghold of New England to the verge of destitution. Thomas Jefferson's embargo of American shipping, instead of protecting U.S. ships and sailors, caused massive unemployment, the closure of banks, and created a virtual standstill in commerce.Full Answer >
Though neither the British nor the Americans gained or lost territory during the War of 1812, the conflict had many results, including the establishment of the Canadian border, the end of British influence among the northwest Indians, and the demise of the Federalist Party due to its anti-war stance. It also boosted American patriotism and self-confidence, and led to a time of prosperity known as the "Era of Good Feelings."Full Answer >
The French and Indian War, an extension of the Seven Years War in Europe, was fought over land claims. Beginning with a dispute between British and French colonists over the Ohio River Valley, it became a struggle for all the North American territories east of the Mississippi.Full Answer >