Q:

What did the U.S. government do about the Dust Bowl?

A:

Quick Answer

Franklin Roosevelt and the U.S. government had two responses to the Dust Bowl: creating agencies and laws to help alleviate financial burdens of migrants and farmers affected by the Dust Bowl; and addressing the environmental issues that created the Dust Bowl. Through the Resettlement Administration and the Farm Security Administration, they provided subsidies and purchased sub-prime land to give money to the farmers and restore grasslands to over-farmed wheat fields.

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Full Answer

In his first 100 days in office, Roosevelt addressed soil conservation, the key to turning around the Dust Bowl conditions, by creating the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) and the Soil Erosion Service. The establishment of the Soil Erosion Service was the first major federal commitment to the preservation of privately owned natural resources. In 1935, Roosevelt started the Prairie States Forestry Project to plant nearly 220 million trees, a project undertaken by the U.S. Forestry Service, the CCC, the new Works Progress Administration (WPA) and local farmers. The seven-year project created over 18,000 miles of windbreaks on 30,000 farms, a so-called “shelter belt” from the Texas Panhandle to Canada. These agencies and this response were a part of a larger effort to address the Great Depression: the New Deal, Roosevelt's legacy.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What are interesting facts about the Dust Bowl?

    A:

    The Dust Bowl was the name of the Great Plains region of the United States during the Great Depression. The region went through a harsh drought that turned the land into a dusty, dry and cracked landscape. The drought lasted for three years and forced many residents to move.

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  • Q:

    When was the Dust Bowl?

    A:

    During a period of drought in the 1930s, the Great Plains began to be known as the Dust Bowl. The plains had been overgrazed and overfarmed, leading to erosion of the topsoil in the previous decades. Due to this erosion and a drought that started in 1931, when wind started blowing, the soil was easily picked up and blown through the air.

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  • Q:

    What caused the Dust Bowl?

    A:

    The Dust Bowl was a severe drought that hit the U.S. Midwest in the 1930s. It was caused by irregular fluctuations in ocean temperatures, dry climates and poor farming techniques. It was characterized by massive dust storms that contributed to the harsh and dry climate.

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  • Q:

    How long did the Dust Bowl last?

    A:

    The Dust Bowl lasted about a decade, beginning in 1930 and lasting until 1940. The lack of grasses and waves of drought during those years resulted in the topsoil being blown away during strong winds, creating massive dust storms.

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