South Africa gained its independence from Great Britain in 1934, though the African National Congress, which was formed 22 years prior to South Africa gaining its independence, did not gain power until 1994.
South Africa was unified by Great Britain in 1910. The African National Congress was formed in 1912. For the first 60 years of its independence, South Africa was a country dominated by white minority rulers. Although it is now an independent nation, South Africa is still a member of the British Commonwealth, which is a group of nations that recognize the monarchy of the British royal family.