The diet of the Plains Indians primarily consisted of buffalo meat supplemented with other meats, berries, seeds and edible roots. Some specific foods consumed by these Native Americans included plums, turnips, Camas bulbs, chokecherries and currants, as well as venison, duck, elk and rabbit.Continue Reading
In the Plains Indian culture, men were responsible for hunting game, while women were responsible for gathering edible plant foods. Some tribes settled in semi-permanent villages periodically, and the female members of these tribes established gardens to grow food crops. In some cases, the planted crops were left to grow unattended during the months when the tribe was traveling and harvested in the fall when the tribe returned to the village.
As the primary component of the Plains Indian diet, buffalo was prepared in a variety of ways. Pemmican, a dish made with chokecherries, thin strips of buffalo meat and marrow fat, was a common meal prepared by Native Americans of the Plains tribes. Other common meals included boiled buffalo, tripe soup, smoked strips of meat and roasted intestines.
Since the Plains Indians consumed a varied diet high in lean meat and plant foods, they were typically well nourished. Research from Ohio State University found that Plains Indians of the 1800s were the tallest people in the world at the time. Height is strongly influenced by diet, so this research indicates that Plains Indians consumed a more nutritious diet than most Europeans and European-Americans of the same era.Learn more about US History
Grizzly bears have an omnivorous diet that consists of fungi, berries, seeds, roots, grass, fish and larger game like elk and deer and will also consume dead animals. Grizzly bears will fish for salmon if possible and will also go after ground squirrels if the opportunity presents its self. In some cases, grizzly bears have been known to kill domestic livestock, such as sheep and cattle.Full Answer >
Cro-Magnon man, now referred to as European Early Modern Humans, were hunter-gatherers who ate a varied diet containing hunted big game, fruits, nuts, berries, seeds, plants and roots. It is also known that they ate fish, insects and the prey left over from predators.Full Answer >
The Eastern Woodlands Indians are tribes that lived in a region spanning as north as Maine, as south as Maryland and as west as the Great Lakes Area, just east of the Plains Indians. These tribes made the forest their home and used the woodlands for their food, shelter, tools, weapons and clothing. Tribes considered part of the Eastern Woodlands Indians include the Iroquois, Algonquian, Shawnee, Mohawk and the Mound Builders.Full Answer >
Apache Indians were hunters and gatherers who primarily ate buffalo, turkey, deer, elk, rabbits, foxes and other small game in addition to nuts, seeds and berries. They traveled from one place to another to search for food.Full Answer >