What Did Pharaohs Wear?

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Egyptian paintings on tombs reveal that ancient Egyptians wore loincloths, but Pharaohs wore linen tunics trimmed with calasiris, or fringes, hanging next to the legs. Woolen white cloaks were draped over the tunics. King Tut’s tomb revealed that the king wore kilts, aprons, tunics, socks, sashes, headdresses, scarves, caps, gloves and gauntlets.

While a Pharaoh often wore only kilts and his crown, his subjects often wore even less. Because of the climate, people tried to wear as little as possible. Servant girls wore little more than jewelry and panties. Workers wore loincloths and wide robes, or if they worked in waterways, they wore nothing at all. Children also ran naked in the summer, wearing cloaks and wraps in the cooler times of the year.

Clothes, when they were worn, were typically made of linen and were cut short. Dresses for women featured straps, and most styles of clothing were wrapped instead of sewn. Linen loin cloths were worn by women and men, as were tunics. Besides linen, clothes were made with goat hair, fibers from palm trees and sheep’s wool. Cotton was used during the first century, whereas silk was used after the seventh century A.D.

Pharoahs wore false beards to symbolize their kingship; female Pharaohs also wore false beards as well. The ankh jewelry that was worn depicted the symbol of life.