Q:

What did Nelson Mandela fight for?

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Quick Answer

Nelson Mandela fought to end apartheid, which divided people in South Africans based on race. After his release from prison, he sought reconciliation. He is credited with helping South Africa move past its unjust history.

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What did Nelson Mandela fight for?
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Full Answer

South Africa became a popular destination for Europeans due to its climate, natural resources and culture, but tensions between whites and blacks were always high. Through the years, institutional oppression formed a system known as apartheid, under which blacks and whites had vastly different rights and privileges. The fight against apartheid accelerated in the middle of the 20th century, and Nelson Mandela was a leader of the anti-apartheid movement. His actions landed him in prison, where he stayed for 27 years.

While Mandela was imprisoned, the anti-apartheid movement gained steam and eventually forced the racist laws to change. After his release, Mandela was elected president of South Africa. Before his imprisonment, Mandela's organization employed violence in the fight against apartheid, and many white South Africans thought he would seek some form of retribution. Instead, Mandela focused on reconciliation and on building ties between the white and black South African communities. His forgiveness has made him an often-cited example of moving forward instead of focusing on the past.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    How did Nelson Mandela affect world history?

    A:

    Nelson Mandela became a worldwide symbol of the struggle of his people for emancipation and sparked a global movement. He changed the history of South Africa through his steadfast adherence to the cause against apartheid during his 25 years of imprisonment.

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  • Q:

    What changes did Nelson Mandela make?

    A:

    Nelson Mandela made many changes to South African society, most notably by transitioning the country away from the racist policy of apartheid. Apartheid was a government policy that kept white Afrikaners in South Africa at the top of politics and business while limiting the rights of black citizens. As the first post-apartheid president, Nelson Mandela created a diverse society in which every citizen is equal before the law.

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  • Q:

    Is Nelson Mandela alive?

    A:

    Nelson Mandela died at the age of 95 on Dec. 5, 2013. He passed away at his home in Johannesburg, South Africa. He was a tireless proponent of human and civil rights and was an active leader in the anti-apartheid movement in the 1920s.

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  • Q:

    Why is Nelson Mandela famous?

    A:

    Nelson Mandela is best known as South Africa's first elected president as well as for winning the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993. Prior to this, he was actively involved in the anti-apartheid movement and was incarcerated by the South African government for 27 years.

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