Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, also known as Mahatma Gandhi, led the independence movement of India against the British, working against racial and socioeconomic repression. He used nonviolent tactics, inspiring civil rights movements across the world.Continue Reading
Gandhi led with "satyagraha," or "truth" and "strength," against British rule. In 1907, he led thousands of Indians to burn their registration cards. He set up an "ashram," a nonviolent community that rejected the caste system.
In 1930, Gandhi led the Salt March to protest the salt tax. He organized fasts, sit-ins and boycotts. He reformed the Indian National Congress into a movement that worked for the freedoms of not only the Indian people, but also for women, education and a self-sufficient economy.
Even after India's independence, Gandhi continued to be a peace leader to settle disputes between the Hindus of India and the Muslims of Pakistan. He died at the hands of a Hindu man because of his peaceful ideas.Learn more about Modern Asia