Francis Bacon served as attorney general and Lord Chancellor of England during the Renaissance, but he is best known for his contributions to philosophy. Bacon argued for an empirical approach to scientific inquiry, which became known as the scientific method.Continue Reading
Francis Bacon was born in London on Jan. 22, 1561. The youngest of three sons born to Sir Nicolas Bacon and Lady Anne Cooke Bacon, Francis attended Trinity College when he was 11 years old and completed his course of study in 1575. He struggled financially for a number of years, and during this time, his father passed away. Eventually, he became a member for Cornwall in the House of Commons, which began his political career. He held a place in Parliament for nearly four decades until being ousted on bribery charges in 1621.
After the collapse of his political career, Bacon was free to focus on his other passion, the philosophy of science. Unlike the doctrines of the ancient Greek philosophers, Bacon's inquiries depended on tangible proof. He believed that a new method rooted in the organized gathering and analysis of hard data could elevate science to a new level for the betterment of humanity. Bacon was also a writer, and in 1620, he published "Novum Organum Scientiarum," which is Latin for "new method," and established himself as a reputable philosopher of science.Learn more about Renaissance & Reformation
The existence of powerful commerce-based city-states in Italy during the late 1300s gave birth to a wealthy and well-educated aristocratic class ready to focus attention and lend financial backing to artists and thinkers involved in reviving Classical art and philosophy. These artists, thinkers and wealthy Italian patrons felt less pressured to interpret and filter the contributions of the Classical world though the restrictive lens of medieval Christianity. This resulted in the rebirth of Classical art and thought known as the Renaissance; a comparatively more secular than ecclesiastical outlook that represents a perspective now referred to as Humanism.Full Answer >
The Protestant Reformation impacted religious thought, philosophy, politics and economics throughout the world. The effects of the Reformation can still be felt in modern times.Full Answer >
According to the University of Houston, during the Renaissance (c.1485 - c.1688), most of Europe lived under monarchy, which is rule by a king or queen. This stands in contrast to Florence, Italy, which was a republic where democracy was supported and wealthy families ruled.Full Answer >
The Renaissance began when Italian scholars, scientists and artists created a cultural movement based on a return to classical sources for learning. While it is difficult to pin down a date or place where it began, most scholars place its origin in Florence in the early 14th century.Full Answer >