The Compromise of 1850 set up an untenable status quo between the northern and southern regions of the United States in terms of slavery policy. The U.S. Congress intended to achieve a sustainable solution for the conflict over slavery policy. However, the Compromise of 1850 merely delayed the inevitable schism between rivalling regions of the nation.Continue Reading
Organized and championed by Henry Clay, the Compromise of 1850 was a series of laws and policy enactments that formed a comprehensive new national policy toward issues of slavery and westward expansion. At the core of this debate was the question of whether or not frontier territories should join the Union as new slave states. Southern states preferred an expansion of slavery into new territories, whereas northern states argued in favor of abolishing slavery in any new states. The Compromise of 1850 determined that new states would be slave-free, and the slave trade was also abolished in Washington, D.C.
In exchange for these concessions, southern states received an amendment to the Fugitive Slave Act, which forced northern states to take more aggressive measures to return escaped slaves into the southern states from which they departed. This was wildly unpopular in the North, and many northerners refused to abide by these policies, assisting escaped slaves through the Underground Railroad to Canada. As a result, tensions continued to escalate after the Compromise of 1850 failed to settle the slavery matter, and the Civil War became increasingly inevitable in the following decade.Learn more about US History
The American Civil War was primarily fought over differences of opinion about the right of the federal government to determine whether slavery was legal in individual states; the hostile action that started the actual war was the Confederate attack on Fort Sumter in South Carolina, which occurred on April 12, 1861. The secession of seven Southern states after the inauguration of Abraham Lincoln as president triggered the war.Full Answer >
The Civil War was a complex conflict stemming from myriad causes including slavery, trade, and federal structure, and as such it is a matter of opinion as to whether or not it was preventable. Many forces were in play at the war's outset and at the time many outcomes seemed possible.Full Answer >
The Compromise of 1877 was a deal between the Democrats and Republican Rutherford B. Hayes to withdraw federal troops from the South. By pulling federal troops from the South, The Compromise of 1877 marked the end of the reconstruction era.Full Answer >
The political conflict that led to the Compromise of 1850 was largely instigated by the acquisition of territories from Mexico following the Mexican-American War. The events and actions that made the compromise possible included the death of President Zachary Taylor and the political shrewdness of Henry Clay and Stephen Douglas.Full Answer >